How HTML5 Will Change Your Website
HTML, as we know it today, is called HTML4 and it was first published back in 1997. Yes, that means we’ve been running on HTML4 for over 15 years now which is an eternity in the tech time. Around 2000, a parallel markup language called XHTML started development and that’s been in use as well over the years, mostly due to the firmer standards that it imposes. In general, though, the two are similar.
The problem with HTML4 is its restricted functionality. It needs to be extended through plugins, like Flash, to provide more than simple text and images. Many video players, for instance, were created and sustained on the Flash platform and embedded into HTML pages. Numerous web apps were developed using Java and embedded as well.
With all of these plugins, it becomes hard to maintain standards. Ideally, every browser should display every page on the web, in the same way, to deliver the same experience to every user. To display the same results on multiple browsers, web developers typically require to implement quick fixes and hacks in several portions of their site to accommodate different rendering processes. This gets cumbersome after a while.
On a more practical footnote, web pages that necessitate plugins like Flash and Java end up using much more CPU and RAM. Ever wondered why your browser uses so much of your computer’s resources? A lot of it can be attributed to these extensions. This is one specific reason why Apple has deactivated Flash support on their mobile devices.
HTML5 and CSS3 make a great change in the website design and development world. The HTML5 introduced new tags which can change your opener about using old technology for web development. Here we will explain to you why you must use HTML5 for web and mobile application development.
New Elements for Page Structure
Hereby page structure, we mean the highest items: the header, the footer, the navigation, the main content, and so on. HTML5 launch many valuable tags which will make the website user-friendly. Below are the top used HTML5 IDs and Class information.
HTML Doc Type
Now the web page DOCTYPE statement is simple for a user. It comes from the SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) that was used to define previous versions of HTML in terms of the language syntax. The DOCTYPE is used for two major proposed
- It’s used by HTML validation services to regulate which version the document uses.
- All browsers use the DOCTYPE to define which rendering mode to use.
Now you can define the DOCTYPE by using a memorable tag.
You can see that the HTML5 DOCTYPE is much shorter, easier to type, and easier to remember.
HTML5 support semantics and ARIA which will make the web application accessible for any platform. The new HTML headings like <header>, <footer>, <nav>, <section>, <aside>, etc. let screen readers to easily access content. Before HTML5, the screen readers had no way to decide what a given <div> was even if you assigned it an ID or Class. Another technology which makes the HTML5 more available is ARIA, it is a standard developed by the W3C in response to the poor accessibility of early AJAX-based web applications.
Video and Audio Support
TheHTML4 necessitate Adobe Flash Player and other 3rd Party player to play videos on web pages. HTML5 breakout this boundary. The new HTML5 <video> and <audio> tags provide facility direct add video on your webpage from 3rd party source. You can add video to the website by adding a simple code <video src=”URL” width=”640px” height=”380px” autoplay/> where you want to show the video player.
Smarter Storage Support
Now the HTML5 support local data storage feature, it’s a bit of a cross between regular old cookies and a client-side database. It is better than cookies, it provides a facility to user use same data between different Windows version and it has enhanced security and performance and data will persist even after the browser is closed.
HTML5 provides a Canvas to develop an interactive application. The <canvas> HTML5 tag that lets you do most (if not more) interactive and animated possibilities than the previous rich internet application platforms like Flash. Beyond <canvas>, HTML5 also comes with a slew of great APIs that let you build a better user experience and a beefier, more dynamic web application — here’s a quick list of native APIs:
- Drag and Drop (DnD).
- Offline storage database.
- Browser history management.
- Document editing.
- Timed media playback.
Mobile App development
Mobile browsers have adopted HTML5 so creating mobile ready projects is as easy as designing and constructing for their smaller touchscreen displays — hence the popularity of Responsive Design. There are some meta tags that also let you optimize for mobile:
- Viewport: lets you define viewport widths and zoom settings
- Full-screen browsing: IOS specific values that let Apple devices to display in full-screen mode.
- Home Screen Icons: like favicons on the desktop, these icons are used to add favorites to the home screen of an IOS and Android mobile device.